The History of The Ten CommandmentsThe Ten Commandments (also called the Decalogue) were given to Moses, the great leader of the Hebrews, over 3,000 years ago after the Hebrews were delivered from slavery in Egypt. While the Law of Moses is made up of over 600 rules, the Ten Commandments were a succinct list of rules from which the others were developed. They are recorded in two chapters of the Hebrew Scriptures (specifically the Pentateuch): Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5. Ten Commandments
When Jesus was asked, "What must I do to inherit eternal life?", he replied: "You know the Commandments, keep these and you will live." For now, just notice that Jesus attests to the importance of the Ten Commandments. This is why Christians still accept them. Jesus quotes from Moses and the law throughout the New Testament. Mosaic Law
About the numbering: there are at least two sets of numbering used, and both are very old, at least 1,600 years. Most Protestants use the numbering adopted by Josephus, but Catholics and Lutherans use the numbering of St. Augustine, who took it from a Hebrew list in the fifth century. The numbering is not in the Bible.
The first four statements concern the relationship between God and humans, while the next six statements concern the relationships between people. Literature holds that the Ten Statements in fact contain 14 or 15 distinct instructions.
1. "I am the LORD your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, from the house of slavery. You shall have no other gods before Me..."
This commandment is to believe in the existence of God and His influence on events in the world , and that the goal of the redemption from Egypt was to become His servants. It prohibits belief in or worship of any additional deities.
2. "Do not make an image or any likeness of what is in the heavens above..."
This prohibits the construction or fashioning of "idols" in the likeness of created things (beasts, fish, birds, people) and worshiping them.
3. "Do not swear falsely by the name of the LORD..."
This commandment is to never take the name of God in a vain, pointless or insincere oath.
4. "Remember the Sabbath day and keep it holy" (the version in Deuteronomy reads shamor, "observe")
The seventh day of the week is termed Shabbat and is holy, just as God ceased creative activity during Creation. The aspect is performed by declaring the greatness of the day, by having three festive meals, and by engaging in Torah study and pleasurable activities. The aspect of shamor is performed by abstaining from productive activity on the Shabbat.
5. "Honor your father and your mother..." The obligation to honor one's parents is an obligation that one owes to God and fulfills this obligation through one's actions towards one's parents.
6. "Do not murder" Murdering a human being is a capital sin.
7. "Do not commit adultery." Adultery is defined as sexual intercourse between a man and a married woman who is not his wife.
8. "Do not steal."
9. "Do not bear false witness against your neighbor" One must not bear false witness in a court of law or other proceeding.
10. "Do not covet your neighbor's wife" One is forbidden to desire and plan how one may obtain that which God has given to another. Maimonides makes a distinction in codifying the laws between the instruction given here in Exodus (You shall not covet) and that given in Deuteronomy (You shall not desire), according to which one does not violate the Exodus commandment unless there is a physical action associated with the desire, even if this is legally purchasing an envied object.
4th CommandmentThe 4th Sabbath Commandment is mentioned 137 times in the Bible.
If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the LORD, honorable; and shalt honor him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words:
Then shalt thou delight thyself in the LORD; and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it.
Ten Commandments Covenant
The history and one of the best translations of the Bible is found in the Septuagint. Using the Septuagint, will help correct a lot of bad doctrine found in the modern day churches. Septuagint
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Ten Commandments History